In the Armenian Evangelical church, fire destroyed the library, floor tiles were smashed, pews and cushions all incinerated.
There was no sign of damage from tank fire. Whoever started the fire, did so from inside.
After they had finished, the perpetrators signed their names on the walls.
Some were from al-Qaeda, others were rebels who have received money and weapons from the west.
Outside, the graves of the cemetery had been individually destroyed.
Far from inspiring confidence in those fighting to oust the Syrian president Bashar al-Assad, the attack summoned bitter memories of persecution for the 2500 Armenians who fled their homes.
Kessab was the scene of Armenian genocide of 1915 that saw 5000 of their people slaughtered at the hands of the ottoman empire.
For now the rebels have been repelled, and the Turkish border posts that surround the town have been closed. But Kessab’s residents wonder for how long.