Ian Bach

Viewing conflicts through the eye of Counterinsurgency COIN – Since 2007

Happy 232nd Birthday to the US Navy

Hannah

In April 1775, with few field guns and scant gunpowder, Washington appealed to the Continental Congress for supplies. The new nation, however, did not have the means to resupply Washington’s army. Therefore, he chartered the fishing schooner Hannah to raid British shipping of military supplies. The Hannah became the first of eleven vessels chartered to aid the revolutionary cause. Over the six months of the American siege of Boston, “Washington’s Navy” captured some fifty-five prizes, provided much-needed supplies to the troops, and boosted the efforts of naval-minded members of Congress who sought to create a national naval force. —————————————————————————-

History of the U.S. Naval Forces of the Revolution

When fighting broke out in 1775 the American colonists had no large gunboats, no naval cannon or shot, no warship construction experience, and no captains and crews with experience in multi-ship naval battles. In contrast the British navy had hundreds of large gunships, hundreds of experienced officers, excellent maps, could attack anywhere along the thousands of miles of America’s ocean coastline and could deliver troops and firepower well inland via the hundreds of navigable rivers on the eastern seaboard. The U.S. responded to this challenge with an active program of building warships, retro-fitting merchant vessels for military duty, capturing British supply ships and warships, borrowing warships from France, and making an alliance with France (and through France drawing in Spain) that would secure cooperative use of naval power that was larger than Great Britain’s.

On 1775 Sep 02: General George Washington commissioned Nicholson Broughton of Marblehead MA as captain of the Hannah, to lead eight schooners based in Massachusetts in what became known as “George Washington’s Navy” The original schooners included the
. . . Hannah — 78 tons and a crew of 43 (sailed Sept 5, ruined by grounding Oct 10)
. . . Harrison — 64-tons, 4 guns (under Capt. William Coit of Norwich CT)
. . . Washington — 160-tons, 10 guns, and a crew of 74

Their first mission was to intercept British cargo vessels supplying the British garrison in Boston, and during the 26 months in which this fleet was part of the Continental Army they captured 55 enemy ships. Ships of the Continental Army provided one of America’s greatest naval successes at the battle of Valcour Island in 1776, when a fleet commanded by Brigadier General Benedict Arnold delayed a British invasion from Canada so that they had to withdraw for the winter. This gave time for American strength to grow so that it could overwhelm the next invasion force in 1777 at Saratoga.

1775 Oct 13 is considered to be the birthday of the United States Navy, since this was the day that the Continental Congress ordered that two large vessels be fitted out with 10 cannon each.
Note: From 1922 to 1946 Oct 27 was widely observed as Navy Day.
Further facts on Navy Day [U.S. Dept. of Defense]

On 1775 December 13 the Continental Congress authorized the construction of three 74-gun ships-of-the-line and thirteen frigates for the Continental Navy. All thirteen frigates were constructed, but only one ship-of-the-line was completed. The Continental Navy later included the world’s first military submarine. See Other Ships below.

On 1775 Dec 22 Congress commissioned

  • Esek Hopkins as commander-in-chief,
  • four captains:
    • Dudley Saltonstall for the 24-gun frigate Alfred
    • Abraham Whipple for the 24-gun frigate Columbus
    • Nicholas Biddle for the 14-gun brig Andrew Doria
    • John Burrows Hopkins for the 14-gun brig Cabot
  • five first lieutenants (one of whom, John Paul Jones, later became very famous),
  • five second lieutenants
  • three third lieutenants

Several States created state navies, and many American merchant ships added cannon and obtained letters of marque so that they could serve as privateers — sailing the world’s oceans and capturing British merchant ships, harrassing the smaller ships of the Royal Navy, and threatening British military supply lines. See State Navies and Privateers below.

here is a Link I found that has some great info and history and a TON of links.

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About Ian Bach

Independent Online Terrorist Hunter I teach people how to hunt down and shut down the Bad guys web sites. I also teach about the various countries and cultures. Like most cases it is a small group of bsd eggs that in this case call themselves Muslims but in actual fact they are more like how KKK call themselves ",True Christisians". But in both cases / groups they preach a perverted and twisted view a religion. In the case of ISIS, all Qaeda, al Nusra, and the rest of the terrorists who claim to be true Muslims most of these groups follow the Wahhabi teachings. They are almost all Sunni and their goal is global domination. Yet they must be very bad at math and history. Since most Muslims prefer a separation of church and state and also mist are against Shari's Law. Esp the twisted and overly exaggerated form of Sharia Law that the Wahhabi and other bad guys use. I have studied terrorism, insurgencies, and the best tried and proven methods that work to fight terrorism. My Blogs have many links and articles that can show you who are the best and most knowledgeable people in the fields or counterinsurgency and counter terrorism. When I find great practitioner's I always listen to them to find out who they learned from and who they respect and admire. Thus I am always learning new stuff from the best and most successful in their fields of knoeledge. I strive to be an open and ethical source of information, I have met many awesome, kind, caring, and loving wonderful people many who I am close friends with now from Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Turkey, Iran, and many from S.E. Asia which also has a high percent of their populations that are Muslim.We must always strive to be aware people are not any one particular religion via that's what they chose to be, instead most people are a particular religion because that's what their parents and/or county is. I was raised Catholic but because I became Interested in magic ,(illusion - smoke n mirrors) and science which lead me to study many religions, and I would call myself an atheist. Yet sometimes when I lose my keys ZI find myself praying "Hail Marys" and a few "Our Fathers" which most always aides me in finding my keys. My belief is that if I just frantically look around for my krys, good luck it takes me for ever. But by saying these prayers it is like s sort of meditation and my mind becomes more calm, which is why it helps my find my keys.

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This entry was posted on November 1, 2007 by in Uncategorized.
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