Ian Bach

Viewing conflicts through the eye of Counterinsurgency COIN – Since 2007

Afghanistan Profile – April 03, 2007

Country profile: Afghanistan as reported by BBC

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/country_profiles/1162668.stm

Its strategic position sandwiched between the Middle East, Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent along the ancient “Silk Route” means that Afghanistan has long been fought over – despite its rugged and forbidding terrain.

It was at the centre of the so-called “Great Game” in the 19th century when Imperial Russia and the British Empire in India vied for influence.

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About Ian Bach

Independent Online Terrorist Hunter I teach people how to hunt down and shut down the Bad guys web sites. I also teach about the various countries and cultures. Like most cases it is a small group of bsd eggs that in this case call themselves Muslims but in actual fact they are more like how KKK call themselves ",True Christisians". But in both cases / groups they preach a perverted and twisted view a religion. In the case of ISIS, all Qaeda, al Nusra, and the rest of the terrorists who claim to be true Muslims most of these groups follow the Wahhabi teachings. They are almost all Sunni and their goal is global domination. Yet they must be very bad at math and history. Since most Muslims prefer a separation of church and state and also mist are against Shari's Law. Esp the twisted and overly exaggerated form of Sharia Law that the Wahhabi and other bad guys use. I have studied terrorism, insurgencies, and the best tried and proven methods that work to fight terrorism. My Blogs have many links and articles that can show you who are the best and most knowledgeable people in the fields or counterinsurgency and counter terrorism. When I find great practitioner's I always listen to them to find out who they learned from and who they respect and admire. Thus I am always learning new stuff from the best and most successful in their fields of knoeledge. I strive to be an open and ethical source of information, I have met many awesome, kind, caring, and loving wonderful people many who I am close friends with now from Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Turkey, Iran, and many from S.E. Asia which also has a high percent of their populations that are Muslim.We must always strive to be aware people are not any one particular religion via that's what they chose to be, instead most people are a particular religion because that's what their parents and/or county is. I was raised Catholic but because I became Interested in magic ,(illusion - smoke n mirrors) and science which lead me to study many religions, and I would call myself an atheist. Yet sometimes when I lose my keys ZI find myself praying "Hail Marys" and a few "Our Fathers" which most always aides me in finding my keys. My belief is that if I just frantically look around for my krys, good luck it takes me for ever. But by saying these prayers it is like s sort of meditation and my mind becomes more calm, which is why it helps my find my keys.

4 comments on “Afghanistan Profile – April 03, 2007

  1. Ian Bach
    April 3, 2007

    More info on afghan trade:

    Afghanistan’s chief exports are natural gas and dried fruit. Other exports include carpets, fresh fruit, wool, and cotton. Afghanistan imports food, motor vehicles, petroleum products, and textiles. Most of the foreign trade of Afghanistan is controlled by the government or by government-controlled monopolies. The USSR was Afghanistan’s chief trading partner even before the 1979 Soviet invasion, and this relationship intensified in the 1980s. The leading purchasers of Afghan products, in addition to the USSR and the former Soviet republics, have been Pakistan, Great Britain, Germany, and India. In 1991 exports amounted to about $188.2 million, while imports cost $616.4 million

    Like

  2. Ian Bach
    April 3, 2007

    More interesteing trade info:
    http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/fs/afgh.pdf

    Like

  3. Camera Man
    April 3, 2007

    Thanks for posting this information. More people need to be aware of this kinda’ stuff.

    Like

  4. Ian Bach
    April 4, 2007

    There has been a lack of education in most of afghanistan since WW2. This and the Taliban teachings in most areas and major wars to preserve their independece is much of the cause of Afghanistans problems. The largest city Kabul is the center for education and commerce for the country… However Yak farming is not a mojor trade today in afghanistan. Today and for the past 1,000 years the major trade has been afghan rugs (sought the world over with India and Pakistan as the largest buyers.

    Here is more info about Afgan trade and policies from worldbank:
    http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/SOUTHASIAEXT/EXTSARREGTOPINTECOTRA/0,,contentMDK:20592515~menuPK:579454~pagePK:34004173~piPK:34003707~theSitePK:579448,00.html
    (Full text link above)

    Emerging from nearly a quarter-century of protracted conflict in late 2001, Afghanistan inherited a highly differentiated import tariff regime (including 25 tariff bands with a maximum rate of 150% and a simple average rate of 43%). This, however, translated into a very low effective tariff as an artificial exchange rate – overvalued by as much as 10-20 times – was used in calculating import duties. The erosion of the state during the conflict meant that the national government lost control over borders, and that customs revenues were to a large extent usurped by armed factions who controlled the border points. There has also been a thriving unofficial trade involving re-exports into highly protected markets of neighboring countries, most notably Pakistan, with annual volume estimated to have exceeded $1 billion in the late 1990s.

    Although data are limited, Afghanistan has a highly unusual trade structure, with exports dominated by illicit narcotics (opium and its products, morphine and heroin), with an estimated total value of $2.7-2.8 billion per year, and unofficial re-exports into neighboring countries. By contrast, officially recorded exports are only in the range of several hundred million dollars. The country is highly import-dependent for basic goods like petroleum products, construction materials, machinery and equipment, medicines, textiles, and in bad harvest years food, with imports financed largely by aid and (to a considerable extent) drug proceeds. Growth and diversification of licit exports will be critical for the country’s longer-term development success.

    Improving trade policy and customs administration has consistently been a high priority for the Afghan Government in recent years. There has been a major rationalization of the tariff structure, introducing use of the market exchange rate in calculating import duties and reducing the number of different tariff rates to six (2.5, 4, 5, 8, 10, and 16%) with a relatively low level of dispersion. The simple average tariff rate correspondingly declined to 5.3%, making for one of the lowest and least differentiated tariff structures in the region (nevertheless this is considerably higher than the actual collection rate under the previous regime using artificial exchange rates).

    Afghanistan maintains import bans on only a few products (largely for religious reasons) and imposes no seasonal restrictions, quotas, or other non-tariff barriers. Furthermore, licensing requirements have been drastically simplified; the import license application process, which previously involved 42 steps, 58 signatures, and several weeks of processing, now requires only three steps, six signatures, and two days to process. Overall, Afghanistan’s trade regime is currently rated the same as the EU and USA in the IMF’s Trade Restrictiveness Index.

    Notwithstanding these major improvements, numerous problems remain….

    Like

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This entry was posted on April 3, 2007 by in Uncategorized.
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